Floyd, John Buchanan 1 2a

Birth Name Floyd, John Buchanan
Gender male
Age at Death 57 years, 2 months, 25 days

Events

Event Date Place Description Sources
Birth 1 Jun 1806 Blacksburg, Montgomery, Virginia, United States of America    
Census 1 Jun 1850 Richmond, Virginia, United States of America John B. Floyd Household, 1850 Census 3a
Military Service     Brigadier General, Confederacy, U. S. Civil War  
Event Note

American Civil War General Officers:

Name: John Buchanan Floyd
State Served: Virginia
Highest Rank: Brigadier General
Birth Date: 1806
Death Date: 1863
Birth Place: Montgomery County, Connecticut
Army: Confederacy
Promotions: Promoted to Full Brig-Gen
Biography: Brigadier-General John B. Floyd

Brigadier-General John B. Floyd, of Virginia, was born at Blacksburg, Pulaski county, June 1, 1801. He was the son of Hon. John Floyd, a Democratic statesman of the old school, who served in Congress for several terms, was governor of the State, and in 1852 was a candidate for the presidency of the United States.

Young Floyd was educated at the college of South Carolina, with graduation in 1826, after which he studied law and was admitted to practice. Turning to the West for a field of effort, he removed to Arkansas, but three years later again made his home in Virginia.

He resumed the practice of his profession in Washington county, and took an active and prominent part in the political affairs of the day. After serving three terms in the legislature he was elected governor of Virginia in 1850.

In 1853 he was again elected to the legislature, and in 1856 he was a delegate to the national Democratic convention. In the ensuing campaign he supported Buchanan, and when that gentleman was inaugurated president he called Floyd to his cabinet as secretary of war, where he served until the latter part of December, 1860.

After the secession movement had begun in the South it was charged by Floyd's political opponents in the North that he had been secretly aiding in advance the Confederate cause by dispersing the army to distant points on the frontier, by shipping an undue proportion of arms and munitions to Southern posts, and that he was privy to the abstraction of $870,000 in bonds from the department of the interior.

He was indicted accordingly at Washington, but he promptly met the charges, appeared in court and gave bail, and demanded trial. In January, 1861, the charges were investigated by a committee of congress, and he was completely exonerated.

After leaving Washington he returned home and remained there until the spring of 1861, when he was commissioned brigadier-general in the Confederate army, May 23rd.

In command of his brigade he participated in the West Virginia campaign, joining General Wise in the Kanawha valley and taking command in that district August 12th. On the 26th he defeated Colonel Tyler, of Rosecrans' command, at Carnifax Ferry, but from lack of co-operation was unable to follow up his success.

Here he fought a battle with Rosecrans in September, and at Gauley Bridge had another engagement in October. He was subsequently assigned to the army under Albert Sidney Johnston, in command of a brigade of Virginia troops, the Thirty-sixth, Fiftieth, Fifty-first and Fifty-sixth and Virginia artillery.

In the organization of the Central army of Kentucky he commanded one of the three divisions. When Grant advanced from Cairo, Johnston intrusted the defense of Fort Donelson to Generals Floyd, Pillow and Buckner, Floyd taking general command by virtue of seniority.

He withstood an assault by both the land and naval forces of the enemy on February 13th and 14th, and on the next day, believing his position untenable, ordered an attack in the hope of cutting a path of retreat through the investing lines. A fierce and stubborn battle followed, in which Pillow was successful in gaining possession of the Charlotte road and Buckner was equally successful on the Wynn's Ferry road.

Floyd then started for the right of his command to see that all was secure there, "his intention being to hold the positions gained and immediately move out the entire army."

During his absence a change was made in the disposition of the troops by General Pillow, and the enemy pressed forward, and with the help of reinforcements regained so much of their lost ground that it became necessary to withdraw to the original Confederate position.

A council of war followed, in which the generals were united that resistance was useless against the great investing force, but both Pillow and Floyd declared that they would not surrender, and General Buckner assumed that responsibility.

Forrest took out his cavalry through the submerged river road, and General Floyd, with a large part of his brigade, embarked on the river transportation and reached Nashville in safety.

He subsequently had command of the "Virginia State Line," operating in southwestern Virginia, finally retiring to his home at Abingdon, Va., where he died August 26, 1863.

Source: Confederate Military History, vol. IV, p. 593

Death 26 Aug 1863 Abingdon, Washington, Virginia, United States of America    
Burial   Sinking Spring Cemetery, Abingdon, Washington, Virginia, United States of America    

Parents

Relation to main person Name Birth date Death date Relation within this family (if not by birth)
Father Floyd, John24 Apr 178317 Aug 1837
Mother Preston, Letitia29 Sep 177913 Dec 1852
         Floyd, John Buchanan 1 Jun 1806 26 Aug 1863
    Brother     Floyd, George Rogers Clark 13 Sep 1810 7 May 1895
    Sister     Floyd, Nicketti Buchanan 6 Jun 1819 9 Jun 1908
    Sister     Floyd, Eliza Lavalette
    Sister     Floyd, Letitia

Families

Family of Floyd, John Buchanan and Preston, Sarah Buchanan

Married Wife Preston, Sarah Buchanan ( * 19 Nov 1802 + 8 May 1879 )
   
Event Date Place Description Sources
Marriage 1 Jun 1830 Washington, Virginia, United States of America    

Family Map

Family Map

Source References

  1. Ruth Crider: Genealogy Data for Crider/McDowell Families
  2. Find A Grave
      • Page: Memorial ID 10866
  3. U.S. 1850 Federal Census
      • Date: 1 Jun 1850
      • Page: Page 765/381, Richmond, Virginia

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Last change was the 2019-07-08 17:57:29